Association between particulate air pollution and first hospital admission for childhood respiratory illness in Vancouver, Canada


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Publication Topics

Association between particulate air pollution and first hospital admission for childhood respiratory illness in Vancouver, Canada

Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsYang Q, Chen Y, Krewski D, Shi Y, Burnett RT, McGrail KM
JournalArchives of Environmental HealthArch.Environ.Health
Pages14 - 21
Date Published2004
KeywordsAir Pollutants/adverse effects/analysis, British Columbia/epidemiology, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Over Studies, Environmental Monitoring, Female, Gastrointestinal Diseases/epidemiology, Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects/analysis/statistics & numerical data, Male, Particle Size, Respiration Disorders/epidemiology/etiology, Risk Factors, Seasons
AbstractIn this study, the authors assessed the impact of particulate air pollution on first respiratory hospitalization. Study subjects were children less than 3 years of age living in Vancouver, British Columbia, who had their first hospitalization as a result of any respiratory disease (ICD-9 codes 460-519) during the period from June 1, 1995, to March 31, 1999. The authors used logistic regression to estimate the associations between ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM) and first hospitalization. The adjusted odds ratios for first respiratory hospitalization associated with mean and maximal PM10-2.5 with a lag of 3 days were 1.12 (95% confidence interval: 0.98, 1.28) and 1.13 (1.00, 1.27). After adjustment for gaseous pollutants, the corresponding odds ratios were 1.22 (1.02, 1.48) and 1.14 (0.99, 1.32). The data indicated the possibility of harmful effects from coarse PM on first hospitalization for respiratory disease in early childhood.
Citation Key510