During the past few years the landscape of Canadian physician reimbursement policy has undergone dramatic change. Rapidly eroding fiscal environments for provincial (and federal) governments have forced provinces to "get serious" about controlling a significant, previously uncontrolled, budget line: physician expenditures. All provinces now impose medical expenditure caps, with eight of these being hard caps under which any overruns are the responsibility of the profession. In addition, policies in five provinces now include individual income caps. One of the effects of this new environment has been a rush to adopt supply-control policies. This paper explores a number of other side effects, such as heightened interest in alternative methods of payment, as well as the emergence of, and difficulties for, joint province/medical association management committees.