Socioeconomic status, mortality, and the development of cataract at a young age

Research

Related Publications

Suter E, Misfeldt R, Mallinson S, Wilhelm A, Boakye O, Marchildon G, et al. Comparative Review of the Policy Landscape of Team-based Primary Health Care Service Delivery in Western Canada. Alberta Health Services; 2014.
Laberge M, Pang J, Walker K, Wong ST, Hogg W, Wodchis WP. QUALICOPC (Quality and Costs of Primary Care) Canada: A focus on the aspects of primary care most highly rated by current patients of primary care practices. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement; 2014.
McGregor MJ, Abu-Laban RB, Ronald L, McGrail KM, Andrusiek D, Baumbusch J, et al. Nursing Home Characteristics Associated with Resident Transfers to Emergency Department. Canadian Journal on Aging. 2012;33(1):38-48.
Koehoorn M, McLeod CB, Fan JK, McGrail KM, Barer ML, Cote P, et al. Do private clinics or expedited fees improve wait- or return-to-work times for injured workers following knee surgery? Healthcare Policy. 2011;5(3):17-26.
Sutherland JM, Barer ML, Evans RG, Crump RT. Will paying the piper change the tune? Healthcare Policy. 2011;6(4):16-24.

Publication Topics

Socioeconomic status, mortality, and the development of cataract at a young age

Title
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsMeddings DR, Hertzman C, Barer ML, Evans RG, Kazanjian A, McGrail KM, Sheps SB
JournalSocial science & medicine (1982)Soc.Sci.Med.
Volume46
Issue11
Pages1451 - 1457
Date Published1998
KeywordsAge Factors, British Columbia/epidemiology, Cataract/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Odds Ratio, Social Class, Survival Analysis
AbstractIt has been hypothesized that senile cataract may serve as a marker for generalised tissue aging, since structural changes occurring in the proteins of the lens during cataract formation are similar to those which occur elsewhere as part of the aging process. An earlier analysis we carried out to test this hypothesis revealed a strong age-dependent relationship between undergoing cataract surgery and subsequent mortality. Relative risks for dying over 9 yr of follow-up were particularly increased for individuals who had developed cataract requiring operation between the ages of 50-65. This finding prompted us to test the hypothesis that younger patients undergoing surgery for cataract (those in which surgery was undertaken at 50-65 yr of age) would tend disproportionately to be resident in areas of generally lower socioeconomic status. A population-based linked health data resource containing data on all hospital separations in the province of British Columbia was used to examine this hypothesis. Linkage to Canadian census data was used to assign a socioeconomic decile to the area of residence for all individuals in British Columbia who either did, or did not, undergo cataract surgery over a 3 yr period, and were aged 50-95. Relative to those who resided in the highest socioeconomic areas, odds ratios for undergoing cataract surgery between 50 and 65 yr of age were significantly greater than 1 for the four lowest socioeconomic deciles. This association was observed despite a conservative bias in our setting that favoured those of higher socioeconomic status tending to receive earlier treatment. The results of this ecologic study prompt consideration of whether factors which have the dual attributes of being correlates of socioeconomic status and implicated in the development of cataract may play a role in mediating the processes involved in the well known association of socioeconomic status and mortality.
Citation Key408